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Article: How Does a Fountain Pen Work?

How Does a Fountain Pen Work?

How Does a Fountain Pen Work?

How do you use a fountain pen?

Before knowing How Does a Fountain Pen Work? A fountain pen is an ink-filled writing instrument that uses capillary action to deliver the ink from its reservoir into the nib. You should use this and has been shaped like a fine point or broad tip for different purposes and styles of handwriting sits in the barrel at one end of the pen body. When you write with it, your hand pushes on the barrel, forcing air through the nib and out the other side where it picks up ink as it passes over the paper.

A little history:

The pen has a long history. For hundreds of years rulers, inventors and visionaries have been searching for a pen that would hold a supply of ink and allow for a consistent flow of ink onto the page. Before the fountain pen, the only writing options were dip pens that had to be dipped into an inkwell. The result was inconsistent ink on the page, as well as ink spilling onto the writer and the writing desk.

Maghreb region requested a pen that would keep his hands clean while he wrote, which was the earliest known attempt to create a pen with an ink reservoir. No record of how the pen operated or what it looked like, but it was a pen that held ink inside and could be held upside-down.

Leonardo da Vinci believed have designed and constructed a fountain pen. There are cross-sections of a pen in his journals. Careful study of his journals shows that his handwriting is the same as it was when he wrote them. Leonardo has several working models that were reconstructed by Amerigo Bombara in 2011 have been put on display in museums dedicated to the artist.

Fountain pens have come a long way.

There are other fountain pens records. In the 17th century, German inventor Daniel Schwenter invented a pen made from two straws. One quill held the ink and was closed with a cork. In 1663 Samuel Pepys, English naval administrator, wrote about a metal pen that could carry ink.

Then, the ink flows out of the nib and onto your paper.

The fountain pen is one of the most popular writing instruments in history. It's also one of the oldest! The first known example was made by an Egyptian scribe named Imhotep around 3200 BC. He used it to write on papyrus scrolls. In fact, he invented the word "papyrus" for this type of material.

Nicholas Bion published an illustrated description of a fountain pen in 1709. Bion wrote about the earliest version of the pen in 1702.

Improvements to the fountain pen continued throughout the 1700s, 1800s and 1900s, including self-filling pens, cartridges pens and safety pens.

With all the advances in pen technology that have taken place over the years, there are many aspects of how the modern fountain pen operates that are a mystery to both the casual user and the enthusiast. Let's look at the workings of a fountain pen.

We are fortunate to have beautiful, high-quality fountain pens that give us a luxurious, elegant writing experience. The smooth flow of ink from inside the pen to the paper allows us to capture our most important thoughts. Our ideas can be captured quickly and easily with today's ink, which is long-lasting, flows smoothly and dries quickly.

How does a fountain pen work? How does this device function? We will look at the main components.

- Nib: The handwriting experience depends on the nib. A delicate flow of handwritten ink is created by the metal writing point called the nib.

- Reservoir: located inside the body of the fountain pen, this is the area where ink is stored.

- Cartridge: You can refill the fountain pen with a replaceable container of ink.

- Feed: The feed allows the ink to flow from the reservoir or cartridge to the nib.

How does the ink travel through the fountain pen?

For a fountain pen to work, The first thing you need to know is that there are two ways for an ink cartridge to be filled. The most common way, and what we will focus on in this video, is called gravity filling. This means that when you press down on the nib of your pen, it pushes up against the ink reservoir inside the barrel. As the pressure increases, more ink flows into the reservoir until it reaches its maximum capacity.

The fountain pen leaves a fine edge of ink on the paper as it curves across the page. The ink travels through a fountain pen's feed, down to the nib and onto the paper by capillary action. The ink is pulled toward the page by gravity when the fountain pen is pointed down.

The force at work is capillary action. Plants use the same process to absorb water, where liquids move along the surface of a solid material because they are attracted to it. The main actions that allow for a smooth, gentle flow of ink onto the page are seen when using a paper towel to soak up spilled water.

fountain pen

How do you refill the fountain pen?

I have a love/hate relationship with fountain pens. I love the crisp feel of both writing with one and using one. But I hate the hassle of filling them, and the mess they make when you do. So frequent refilling is a must. There are several methods for this, but they are often messy, and not all of them work for every pen.

The fountain pen's early versions used techniques such as an eyedropper to refill. Similar to a small, hand-cranked pump, an internal filling mechanism could be used to create suction. These approaches usually resulted in stained hands and spilled ink.

Most premium pens, such as wood fountain pens, use high-quality, pre-filled replacements ink. When trying to transfer ink from a container to the pen, these cartridges are extremely reliable and eliminate the possibility of spilling it.

Wood fountain pen replacement ink can be used with virtually any fountain pen, non-toxic ink, and 24-pack refill packages to provide enough ink for weeks or months' worth of writing pleasure.

People have been searching for a fountain pen that would give them an excellent writing experience for thousands of years. The search ended with the Wood fountain pens. The pens we make are of the highest quality and manufactured with attention to detail. The fountain pen has been part of the tradition for a long time.

How Does A Fountain Pen Work?

One of the most popular writing instruments today is a fountain pen. It's also one of the easiest to understand, and it can be used for almost any type of writing you want to do. We'll take an overview of how a fountain pen works so that you know what makes them work. Before we talk about different types of pens and their features, we'll start with some basic terminology. We'll show you how to use your new fountain pen in a practical way.

The fountain pen can leak through capillary action. With the help of capillary action and air regulation, the ink from the reservoir travels down into the feed, where it will be deposited into the paper.

There are a lot of things happening here. This article will be capillary action-packed.

The ink stored in the fountain pen's reservoir is what starts it all. The grip of the pen is pulled down by gravity until it enters the feed.

The feed design makes it possible for the ink to be stored so you can use it whenever you want. The design makes sure that the air is regulated, as well as replacing the ink used in the reservoirs. This makes sure that you don't get any ink on your hands.

In order to continue the capillary action for the ink to write on the paper, it's important that the ink gets into the nib from the feed. The air in the feeder can be regulated with the help of the nib.

I mentioned that the fountain pen is what it is today because of years of trial and error by many people. This is where you can learn more about the fountain pen nerd that you are.

The pressure.

If you changed the bottle so it had a small hole at the top, what would happen? It is possible to try this for yourself. If you're going to make a mess, go to the bathroom or kitchen. Take an old drink bottle with a plastic lid and fill it with water. To turn the bottle upside down, you have to make a small hole in the lid. If the water does not come out at all, you'll find it only slowly.

It's simple. Air pressure is pushing up in the opposite direction and preventing the water from leaving the bottle despite the weight of the water. The air blocks the hole by pushing up. If you make a second small hole in the top of the bottle, you will be able to see the water coming out. Water escapes from the bottom of the bottle when air enters it. The water will stop flowing if the air hole is covered with your finger. This is how a fountain pen work regarding pressure.

Try this:

Most of the time, we're able to tip water from a full bottle. What does that do? You can try it and see. Take a bottle of water and put it in an inverted position. Instead of draining quickly and cleanly, you'll find the water leaves in jerky glug, with huge air bubbles forming and rushing up through the water from the bottom to the top. There's a constant fight at the neck between air going in and water coming out, which is what makes the noise. The air can enter at the same time as the water leaves without them fighting over the neck if you tilt the water bottle more toward the horizontal.

How does the ink move? When you put the pen on paper and drag it along, the ink is pulled down a slit in the center of the pen. It's pulled by the glue between the ink and its container and the cohesive forces between the ink molecule and the ones behind it. There is more ink flowing down the feed from the reservoirs. It’s like a ballpoint pen. If you prefer, think of it this way: as each ink molecule hits the paper, it drags on the molecules that are just inside the nib, tugging on them as if they were linked by a chain, and eventually pulling ink from the feed and the reservoirs. Air enters the pen at the same time through the slit in the nib, and moves in the opposite direction, gradually filling up the reservoir as it empties of ink.

The Capillary Action in a pen

The water molecule sticks close to each other in capillary action. The surface of water is created by this.

The reaction of water with glass or plastic is caused by a force.

To stop my nose from bleeding, I will just say that capillary action occurs to a greater degree the smaller the passageway the water travels through.

For a fountain pen to work, the ink has to travel through the reservoir into a small slit before it makes it to the paper. The water and air travelling through are regulated by the slit and holes created by the feed.

Control leak is caused by capillary action because the ink of the fountain pen is water based, leaking and following a path created through the pen and into the paper.

What Are The Parts Of A Feed?

The feed is divided into parts.



Ink Channel/Canal



This is what you connect to the most. The part of your feed that is shaped like an arrow is where you fast the nib.


The ink is kept in this location when it travels from the feed to the storage area.

Ink Channel/Canal

If you notice a slit in your feed, it's the ink channel. The capillary action occurs here.


The post is a small tube that spans from the feed to the channel. The feed enters and the ink is drawn from here.

The post lets the ink enter through the ink channel. The ink is stored in the fins until it needs to be used. When you attach the nib on the wings, it travels through the ink channel and back to the pen.

How do Nib parts work?

The same question above: How Does a Fountain Pen Work? Lets see the parts:

The parts of the nib are the:

Tipping material




Breather Hole



The most relevant part to discuss is how a fountain pen works, the breather hole and slit.

As the main point of this article is to explain how capillary action works for a fountain pen, I'll just stick to these two parts.

The air is let in through the breather hole. It might be difficult to replace the ink in the feeder since it is filled with ink from the reservoir. The hole lets the air in by letting it out.

The slit allows ink to pass through a restricted space and onto the paper by capillary action.

The thickness of the ink that gets onto the paper is dictated by the size of the slit. The wide range of sizes is caused by this part of the nibs.

The most relevant part to discuss is how a fountain pen works, the breather hole and slit.

Remove Fountain Pen Ink from Hands

For an everyday writer, how to choose a fountain pen.

The first thing is the budget.

In today's fountain pen market there are viable options at any price point, even on the extreme low end of the pricing scale, so don't feel pressure to stretch financially. Quality control issues can be avoided if you purchase a reliable pen for less than $25. Since using a pen as a daily writer does bring with it an increased risk of loss, theft, and damage, I wouldn't spend more than $200 on one.

Filling System

The filling system of a fountain pen is more important than many people think. If I'm working in the afternoon, I can burn through a converter. I need a pen that holds a lot of ink in a place where I can't refill my pens or carry multiple pens. Since they hold more ink, my personal preference is a vacuum filler. If the pen will be carried in a briefcase, backpack, handbag, I would highly recommend a Japanese-style eyedropper that uses a valve to prevent ink from spilling or burping into the cap when not in use. Where it's going to come in contact with something. The filling system sometimes makes it easier to understand on how fountain pen work.

For people who don't write much more than a dozen pages a day, a pen that converts ink into a different color is perfect for daily use, and if the pen runs out of ink at work, you may find it more convenient to buy a new one. If you want to refill your Pilot, Sailor, Aurora, Lamy, and Platinum ink colors yourself, you will only be able to do so if you use a bottle-fill or a needle.

What is the difference between a Piston Filler and a Cartridges-converters? The best choice for a daily writer is dependent on how frequently you need to refill and the most convenient option for doing so on the go.

The amount of weight and balance.

The most important thing to consider is how the pen feels in your hand when you use it. While looks are important, comfort is what you're going to write with this thing. I look for balance and weight in a pen. The two concepts are not related in any significant way. The weight of the pen is what I'm talking about. My opinion is that metal pens made of copper, stainless steel, or brass are better suited for pocket carry because their heft can make your hand tired after a few pages. I'm dealing with general rules of thumb today.

I have tried a lot of pens and none feel better in my hand than the Lamy 2000. It's fairly light.

There is a difference between balance and where the pen sits. Do you post your pens the same way as me? If that's the case, make sure the cap isn't too heavy because it will back-weight the pen and make writing awkward. Many people prefer a pen in which the weight is shifted to the front, so it doesn't pose the same problem as one with metal sections. If you're shelling out a lot of money for a higher-end pen, it's important to be able to either hold a pen in person prior to purchasing or purchase from an online store that allows returns. this is how a fountain pen works.

Nib decision.

Is the pen's main feature the fountain pen's nib? Yes and no. The pen isn't usable if you have a pen that feels great in your hand but doesn't have a good nib. Sometimes tuning and smoothing can be used to improve a bad nib. You can substitute a different size or specialty grind pen with the one you have on TWSBI, Pelikan, and others. The weight, balance, and overall feel of a pen over the nib is what I like to prioritize. The nib can be adjusted if it's absolutely god-awful. The pen's size and heft are not possible.

The Leonardo Momento Zero has had great experiences with the nibs. They're nothing fancy, but they get the job done and have arrived well-tuned.

The most important thing when it comes to nibs is choosing the right one for the work you want to do. If your day job involves annotating or marking up documents that are often printed on the cheapest recycled paper available, you will want to choose something in the extra-fine to medium range and be particular about which ink you use. Those with larger handwriting, and who don't need to write on cheap paper, have more flexibility to go with a broader nib or even a stub as their daily driver. Unless your day job involves calligraphy, I generally advise people to avoid super soft or flex nibs for writing every day as they tend to write far too wet. At this point, you should know how a fountain pen works.

Store a Fountain Pen - Fountain Pen Storage


Fountain Pens, how do they work?

Fountain pens use capillary action to allow ink to pass through them.

What is a fountain pen?

The fountain pen is one of the oldest writing utensils that is still in use today.

Why is a fountain pen different from other writing instruments?

It is different from other writing instruments in that it has a feed structure and ink bottle.

What is the nib?

The metal tip of the fountain pen is connected to a structure that allows ink to be released.

What is a breather hole?

Air can flow back inside the pen from the breather hole.

What kind of fountain pens are there?

Nibs are available in Extra Fine, Fine, Medium, and Broad.

What are the advantages of using a small pen?

Smaller nibs have a lower ink output, so they are better for people with delicate strokes.

What kind of fountain pens are there?

Steel or gold are the metals used in modern fountain pen nibs.

What benefits do you get from a metal nib?

Gold nibs increase wettability because they are more flexible than steel.

What is the difference between a regular pen and a fountain pen?

Broad Nibs Flat Edge Inflexible Thick vertical; thin horizontal Pointed Nibs Rounded tip makes uniform lines More pressure on downward strokes makes thicker lines.

What is the Music nib?

The music nib is also a hybrid of the broad and pointed one.

Where is the ink feed located?

The ink slit is connected to the feed by a rubber or plastic tube.

What is a Fountain Pen?

You can fill a fountain pen with liquid or water-based ink that moves through the feed to the nib.

What is the difference between a fountain pen ink conversion and a fountain pen refill?

There is a twisting mechanism that pulls ink from the bottle into the reservoir.

What are the best pen refills?

The cost per liter of fountain pen ink is less than buying disposable ink.

What are the benefits of bottled ink?

Bottles of fountain pen ink is more cost-effective and better for the environment.

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